There are almost 75 known Coffee species, see full list on Coffeespecies.com . Approximately 70 percent of the coffee produced in the world comes from the Coffea arabica subspecies, which is commonly known as "Arabica". These species range from robust to medium to dark roasted and flavored coffees. The most common species is Arabica and the following are the most popular and widely grown:
Arabica is the most commonly used Coffee species throughout the world. It is also one of the most expensive, often costing as much as one hundred dollars per pound. The main characteristic of Arabica is its high caffeine content, as well as a distinctively smooth acidity. Other characteristics include a nutty flavor and a light acidity. This species is grown all over the world in the driest regions, although it is most common in Central and South America and Southern Africa.
Robusta is another popularly used species of coffee. It is also called "Guanaco" in Spanish and has a similar flavor as Arabica, though it has a much milder caffeine content. The bean is used for many different styles of coffee, such as espresso, lattes, cappuccino, etc. Robusta is also highly sought after for its high acidity, which gives it a pleasant acidity and nuttiness to coffee. Unlike Arabica, Robusta grows mostly in South America and Eastern Africa.
Another of the widely used Coffee species is Robusta, which is slightly less robust than Arabica. However, its strong acidity gives it a lighter flavor, as compared to the other species mentioned above. Robusta can be grown in almost all parts of the world, with the exception of Central America, due to its difficult growing conditions and low rainfall.
Hybrid Coffee is a combination of two species that may not have originally been related to one another. For example, a coffee of the Robusta subspecies is sometimes called Robusto. These hybrids can be an excellent choice when looking to create a particular coffee variety. If you don't want to purchase a new plant, you can often find hybrids that were already planted before you chose your specific Coffee species, which will still have the characteristics you love, and desire.
You'll want to think carefully about the species you want to grow, as they will determine the taste of the coffee. that you end up with. For example, some species of Coffees have a very delicate flavor, while others have a very distinct taste.
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